- Child Survival and Development
- Basic Education and Gender Equality
- HIV/AIDS and Children
- Child Protection from violence, exploitation, and abuse
- Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too. The children’s corner in the UNICEF website for India helps in knowing the rights of a child and learning about various issues like the girl child, water, sanitation etc with the aid of quizzes.
UNICEF in India – UNICEF has been working in India since 1949. The largest UN organisation in the country, it is currently implementing a $400 million programme from 2003 to 2007. You can check out the milestones of UNICEF’s work in our country in this link. The status of India regarding children’s issues can be judged from these facts and figures –
- Infant mortality in India is as high as 63 deaths per 1,000 live births.
- Malnutrition is more common in India than in Sub-Saharan Africa. One in every three malnourished children in the world lives in India.
- More than 122 million households in the country are without toilets. An estimated 400,000 children under five years of age die each year due to diarrhoea.
- India has an estimated 220,000 children infected by HIV/AIDS. It is estimated that 55,000 to 60,000 children are born every year to mothers who are HIV positive.
- With an estimated 12.6 million children engaged in hazardous occupations (2001 Census), India has the largest number of child labourers under the age of 14 in the world.
- At least 35 million children aged 6 – 14 years do not attend school.
- Over 40 per cent of women sex workers enter into prostitution before the age of 18 years.
Children’s Day is celebrated on 20th November every year, everywhere in world except India where it is celebrated today i.e. 14th November to mark the birth anniversary of India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who was very fond of children and was lovingly called Chacha Nehru which means Uncle Nehru.
So, to celebrate this day, I became a Guardian of Hope and pledged to provide monthly monetary support to help children on a continuing basis. I will get this certificate with my name in few days.
You can read some stories of how donations have helped people in our country in this link. Go on and support UNICEF in creating a better India. You can make online donations here. I hope that one day every child in India will truly feel happy on Children’s Day and will be able to really celebrate it .
HAPPY CHILDREN’S DAY!!